Mao's 'Red China'

Chairman Mao Tse-Tung will lead China for almost 30 years, and bring about massive changes, all in the name of Communism. However, the turmoil of the 20th century did not begin with the Communist overthrow of government, but numerous rebellions, under a variety of political entities, fought for control over China. The imperial rule of China ends in 1911, and the Communists were no where to be seen.

Questions on the May 4th Movement:

Use this website to record your notes from the videos:

How did Mao become leader of the CCP?

How did the Japanese invasion of China strengthen the CCP?

Task 1: Read the following texts about the CCP and KMT, and their conflict with the Japanese, and answer the source questions: .

How did the Communists win the Civil War, 1946-1949?

Task 2: After viewing the video, and reading the textbook 'Mao's China', complete the following charts, in order to appreciate how the Communists defeated the KMT, during China's civil war:

The American and Soviet Involvement in China's Civil War

How did Mao respond to American involvement in Chinese affairs? Read the following essay, and complete the table. Review this document to establish the relationship between the Soviets and the Chinese, especially the CCP:

The Real Mao Tse-Tung: The Legacy of Mao

Essay questions- Authoritarian States-Rise to Power- Paper 2
1. “Analyse the methods used and the conditions which helped in the rise to power of one ruler of a single party state”.
2. To what extent was the rise to power of either Hitler or Mao due to personal appeal and ability?
3. "It was personality and not circumstances that brought rulers of single-party states to power." To what extent do you agree with this statement?
After 1949, and the creation of the second Communist state, Mao must now maintain power.
Mao was a prolific writer and much of what he proclaimed would eventually make its way into 'Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung', otherwise referred to as 'The Little Red Book'. In this video clip of 'Where Do Correct Ideas Come From?', a speech by Mao, what are the values and limitations of this type of source:

Mao's Domestic Economic Policies
The Chinese followed the Soviet economic model and began to implement five year plans, starting in 1952-56. These plans had some promising impact until Mao decided to add 'Chinese political characteristics' that had a devastating impact on the Chinese people. It started with the Three Anti-Movement in 1951, the Five Anti-Movement in 1952 and the 100 Flowers Campaign in 1957.
Task 3: Now that you have an idea about 'Maoism', we need to look at how Mao put his ideas into practice:

Cult of Personality
First used as a reference to Stalin (Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech', 1953), it could be argued that Mao Tse-Tung perfected the art of brainwashing the Chinese populace with propaganda posters and the written word.
Great Leap Forward Propaganda Posters

Task 4: Read through the following source documents related to the Great Leap Forward. Identify the information in the chart that best fits the topic of Political, Economic and Social:
As part of the 'Great Leap Forward', four 'official pests' were identified: rats, flies, mosquitoes and sparrows. This is what happened when sparrows were targeted: The Plight of the Sparrow
The Sino-Soviet Split: An excellent powerpoint describing the reasons for the split between the world's two prominent Communist states: Sino-Soviet Split

The Cultural Revolution:

The Cultural Revolution: Mao felt that his authority, as leader of the CCP, was being challenged in the early 1960's, as a result of the failed economic policies, such as the 'Great Leap Forward'. As a result of 'capitalist' measures to stabilize China's economy, Mao felt the CCP was becoming 'revisionist' and failing to follow through with Communist priniciples. As such, Mao proposed the Socialist Education Movement, believing that the Chinese needed to return to their rural roots. Subsequently, he called upon the youth of China to stage a revolution to counter the activities of the 'elite' (and opposing party members), leading to the emergence of the 'Red Guard'. The Cultural Revolution also had an impact on the behaviour of Chinese women: Complete the questions, based upon the reading:

"Mao: Declassified" is an interesting analysis on Mao's leadership the Cultural Revolution in China:

The New York Times obituary for Mao Tse-Tung, who died September 9, 1976 Mao's Obituary
The infamous 'Gang of Four', now no longer protected as a result of Mao's death, will become targets of mass criticism, resulting in (suspended) death sentences and lengthy prison sentences. Reading about the events in China after the death of Mao, will allow you to appreciate the horrific situation the Chinese now faced; economically, politically and socially.


Mao and Hitler are the two leaders of authoritarian states whom we study. You have written about their rise to power, but it is also necessary to understand their maintenance of power. Choose from one of the following essay topics:
1. Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of two authoritarian leaders, each from different regions.
2. Compare and contrast the influence in their own countries of Hitler and Mao.

Life After Mao: By 1978, it was clear that Deng Xiaoping and his supporters were the victors in a struggle for leadership of the CCP. Until his death in 1997, Deng orchestrated a series of reforms that would give this era its name: Reform-Era China, 1977-89. Observations by Deng A New Direction How did Deng Xiaoping bring about an economic miracle in China?
Wealth Gap in China Source Analysis: Wealth Creation Economic Analysis
Tianamen Square Massacre Tianamen Square Tianamen Square: 25 Years Later: Tianamen Square in pictures: The Telegraph's Photos of Tianamen
The Tianamen Square Massacre is the most recent example of the Communist government's single minded agenda with regard to the Chinese people: security at all cost. Review the following DBQ and answer the questions:The Hunger Strike
How is China governed?